Hva har forandret seg siden forrige gang ÖVP var i regjering?

Hva har forandret seg siden forrige gang ÖVP var i regjering i Østerrike, i 1999-2000?
– Den gang fryktet mange at det ville bli storstilt trakassering av minoriteter som følge av at dette høyreorienterte partiet skulle inn. De hadde en veldig markant, utagerende leder, Jörg Haider. Nå er de ikke så utagerende, sier professor Andreas Føllesdal ved Institutt for offentlig rett, Universitetet i Oslo. [Mer ] [ABC nyheter]

Islamske stater har også godtatt at menneskerettighetene er universelle

Terje Tvedt hevder [her] at norske myndigheter i sin forkjærlighet for at menneskerettigheter er universelle, har fortiet Kairo-erklæringen, vedtatt av 57 islamske stater. Den norske feiloppfatningen er alvorlig: Den har villedet norsk utenrikspolitikk og førte til bombingen av Libya i 2011.
Vi støtter Tvedts oppfordring om at norsk utenrikspolitikk må bygge på en grundig forståelse av verdens idé- og verdikonflikter. Men argumentasjonen holder ikke mål…. Mer i Aftenposten 29. november 2017

“Theories of Human Rights: Political or Orthodox – Why It Matters”

“Theories of Human Rights: Political or Orthodox – Why It Matters”. in Moral and Political Conceptions of Human Rights: Implications for Theory and Practice . R. Maliks &J. S. Karlsson. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press 2017: 77-96.
One important contribution by a philosophical theory of international legal human rights [ILHR] is to provide normative perspectives and standards to assess the current international human rights regimes. .. There is currently a discussion about how two families of theories may best be used to develop such a philosophical theory of ILHR. ..”Orthodox” philosophical accounts .. tend to hold that behind the human rights movement generally – including ILHR – there is a unitary, cogent notion of moral human rights. .. “Political” theories pursue another aim and justificatory strategy. They aspire to systematize the existing international legal human rights practice, and seek to end with a theory with sufficient critical standards, – without drawing on a prior concept of a human right. … The aim of this article is primarily to alleviate some of the alleged conflicts, in particular to defend at least one Political theory against charges that it is unduly constrained to actual consensus on premises in defense of ILHR, that it is too closely linked to the current state system to match the universal ambitions of human rights, and that it seeks to avoid normative premises. [D0I/LINK] [SSRN] [WEB].

 

Utfordre for å forbedre, eller for å rive ned?

Hvordan bør norske og andre lands myndigheter forholde seg til de internasjonale menneskerettighetene de er uenige i? Partiene bør avklare om de vil foreslå endringer som kan undergrave den skjøre oppslutningen om menneskerettighetene i Norge og i resten av Europa? Og er det en beklagelig ulempe for å oppnå viktige mål for Norge – i såfall hvilke? Eller er det partier som mener at slike internasjonale ordninger ikke virker, eller at menneskerettighetsvern i resten av Europa eller i verden ikke er noe vi skal ha noe ansvar for? med Geir Ulfstein, Klassekampen 9. september 2017 [WEB].

Democracy and Regional Human Rights Courts

In ICON – International Journal of Constitutional Law 15 (2). The regional human rights courts in Europe and the Americas have a complex relationship with democracy. On the one hand, they were established to protect democracy (and the fundamental rights on which democracy depends) and to serve as “alarm bells” to facilitate detection and early intervention if tyranny nevertheless threatened. On the other hand, however, specific procedures and practices of these courts, or certain forms of adjudicative activity, may threaten or undermine stable democratic self-governance. History has shown that the work of the European and Inter-American courts has, at times, both augmented and challenged democracy in their respective member jurisdictions. This symposium addresses certain aspects of this tension…. [D0I/LINK] [WEB].

Truer menneskerettighetene demokratiet?

Den europeiske menneskerettighetsdomstolen skaper ikke inflasjon av menneskerettigheter. Professor Ole Gjems-Onstads kritikk av menneskerettighetsdomstolen er dels skivebom, dels for sneversynt, og dels tuftet på et for magert demokratiideal… Andreas Føllesdal og Geir Ulfstein, Dagens Næringsliv. 13. juli 2017 [LINK] [WEB].

“Exporting the Margin of Appreciation: Lessons for the Inter-American Court of Human Rights?”

“Exporting the Margin of Appreciation: Lessons for the Inter-American Court of Human Rights?” in International journal of constitutional law 15 (2): 359-371. What might the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACtHR) gain from a ‘judicial dialogue’ with the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) in the form of borrowing the ECtHR’s margin of appreciation doctrine? Arguably, a favorable interpretation of the vague margin of appreciation doctrine allows the ECtHR to provide both human rights protection and deference to domestic democratic decision-making. This may guide the IACtHR’s attempt to respect both the American Convention on Human Rights and its sovereign creators. In particular, the ECtHR’s Doctrine may illustrate how these regional courts can interact with states that violate the respective conventions after less than fully democratic processes—in the eyes of the courts. The same margin of appreciation doctrine may justify more or less sovereignty-invading stances by both the IACtHR and by the ECtHR, depending on to the different levels of entrenchment of a democratic culture and rule of law in the state of concern, and depending on the actual deliberations carried out in the particular case. [D0I/LINK] [SSRN][WEB].